The History of Tiko

The historical background of the Tiko Municipal Council.


  1. Creation and evolution
  2. Tiko, originally called ‘Keka’ by the Bakweris, is a town and important port in the southwest region of Cameroon. The settlement grew as a market town for Duala (or Douala) fishermen, Bakweri ( Kpwe people ) farmers and hunters from Molyko, Bwenga, Bulu and Bokov

    Tiko means “exchange” in the Bakweri dialect. Tiko and Likomba area were originally hunting ground for one hunter from Molyko called Joke Malisonge. He discovered the place in the late 18 th  Century and used to come and stay there for about three months hunting. At times he came along with his family and would exchange meat for fish from Edjo people. Other hunters, farmers and fishermen also discovered the area and started coming there to exchange their products. Some of them started settling there and by 1903, after the settlement had grown. The first settlers in the area were, Bakweri hunters and farmers from Molyko, Bwenga, Bulu and Bokova and fishermen from Doual

    In 1911, the Tiko City was formally created by the Germans, who gave 300 hectares of land with rule_durations to some 35 Douala and Bakweri families. In 1922, the Tiko native Council was created under Chief Joke Nasoa though administered by the Victoria Federated Native Authority.

    1. Prior to 1922, there were two councils in Tiko:
      • The Tiko Group Council for Natives, and
      • The Tiko City Council for Immigrants
    2. Both Councils were later fused and reorganized in 1928.
    3. Following the 1948 Native Authority reorganization, the Tiko Group Council was considered part of the Victoria Federated Native Authority.
    4. In 1952, it was reorganized as a subordinate Native Authority with its own Chairman and 28 councilors.
    5. This was followed by other reorganizations
      • In 1958 as the Tiko District Council,
      • In 1966 as the Tiko Area Council and
      • In 1977, as the Tiko Rural Council.

    It is worth noting that, in 1971 the Tiko Area Council was endowed with a Subdivision, which was extended in 1975. On June 29 th , 1977 it was renamed as the Tiko Rural Council covering the entire Tiko Sub-division by presidential decree No. 77/20

    Between 1977 and 1996 the membership of the Council rose from 35 to 41 Councilors while the population was over 65.000 inhabitants. In 2004 it was transformed into the Tiko Council by virtue of Law No. 018/2004 of 22 nd  July 2004

    Bounded to the West by Limbe 1 and 3 Councils, to the North by the Buea council, to the North-East by Muyuka Council, to the East by the Dibombari council in Moungo Division and to the South by Bonaberi council.

  3. Tiko Municipality - Summary Epoch Evolution
  4. Table 1: summary evolution history of Tiko Municipality
    # Names Period Designation
    1 Germans gave 300 hectares of land rule_durations to 35 Douala & Bakweri families 1911 Formal creation of Tiko city by Germans
    2 Two separate councils in Tiko Prior 1922 Tiko Group Council for Natives & Tiko City Council for Immigrants.
    3 Tiko native Council creation 1922 Chief Joke Nasoa but administered by Victoria Federated Native Authority.
    4 Both Councils fused & reorganized. 1928 Separate councils fused again and re-organized.
    5 Native Authority reorganization 1948 Tiko Group Council considered part of Victoria Federated Native Authority
    6 Subordinate Native Authority 1952 Reorganized as subordinate Native Authority with Chairman & 28 councilors.
    7 Tiko District Council 1958 Reorganization
    8 Tiko Area Council 1966 Reorganization
    9 Tiko Rural Council 1977 Reorganization  through presidential decree No. 77/203
    10 Tiko Council 2004 Transformed by Law No. 018/2004 of 22 nd  July 200
  5. Evolution of Tiko Council Mayors and their stewardship (mandate)
  6. Table 2: Evolution of Tiko Council Mayors and stewardship
    # Name Start date End date Leadership
    1 Mr Luma Ngeka Martin 25-02-1978 19-12-1979 1 year
    2 Mr Haddison J. Mokoko 19-12-1979 05-01-1983 4 year
    3 Mr Paul Sinju 25-10-1983 February 1995 12 year
    4 Chief Mbella Sonne Dipoko February 1995 20-02-1996 1 year
    5 Prof Fritz Matute Mosima 20-02-1996 14-07-1999 3 year
    6 Mr Moukondo Daniel Ngande 14-07-1999 09-07-2002 3 year
    7 Mrs Rosine Toto Ndongue 09-07-2002 03-08-2007 5 year
    8 Mr Richard Tita Fombon 03-08-2007 15-10-2013 6 year
    9 Mr Moukondo Daniel Ngande 15-10-2013 Present 6+ years
  7. Nine (9) contemporary Mayors Of the Tiko Municipal Council
  8. Mayors
    LUMA NGEKA Martin
    LUMA NGEKA Martin
    25-02-1978 to 19-12-1979
    Haddison J. MOKOKO
    Haddison J. MOKOKO
    19-12-1979 to 05-01-1983
    Paul SINJU
    Paul SINJU
    25-10-1983 to Feb 1995
    Chief Mbella Sonne Dipoko
    Chief Mbella Sonne Dipoko
    Feb 1995 to 20-02-1996
    20-02-1996 to 14-07-1999
    14-07-1999 to 09-07-2002
    Mrs Rosine TOTO NDONGUE
    Mrs Rosine TOTO NDONGUE
    09-07-2002 to 03-08-2007
    Richard TITA NDONGUE
    Richard TITA NDONGUE
    03-08-2007 to 15-10-2013
    15-10-2013 to